Definitions

(Section 38-9-2)
 
Adult Abuse is the infliction of physical pain, injury or the willful deprivation by a caregiver or other person of services necessary to maintain mental and physical health.

Adult Neglect is the failure of a caregiver to provide food, shelter, clothing, medical services and health care for the person unable to care for himself; or the failure of the person to provide these basic needs for himself when the failure is the result of the person's mental or physical inability.

Exploitation the expenditure, diminution, or use of the property, assets, or resources of a protected person without the express voluntary consent of that person or his or her legally authorized representative or the admission of or provision of care to a protected person who needs to be in the care of a licensed hospital by an unlicensed hospital after a court order obtained by the State Board of Health has directed closure of the unlicensed hospital.

Sexual Abuse is any conduct that is a crime as defined in Sections 13A-6-60 to 13A-6-70, inclusive, of the Code of Alabama. Forms of sexual abuse include rape, incest, sodomy, and indecent exposure.

Emotional Abuse is the willful or reckless infliction of emotional or mental. Anguish or the use of a physical or chemical restraint, medication or isolation as punishment or as a substitute for treatment or care of any protected person.

An Adult in Need of Protective Services is a person 18 years of age or older whose behavior indicates that he/she is mentally incapable of adequately caring for himself/herself and his/her interests without serious consequences to himself/herself or others, or who, because of physical or mental impairment, is unable to protect himself/herself from abuse, neglect, exploitation, sexual abuse, or emotional abuse by others, and who has no guardian, relative or other appropriate person able, willing, and available to assume the kind and degree of protection and supervision required under the circumstances.